What is known about pre-Colombian textiles of Peru allows to appreciate the technical and artistic development reached by these civilizations. We were interested in particular by those who distinguish themselves by the technique of weaving - for example with discontinuous warp and weft - or by the geometrical design - sometimes in positive - negative - or by the presence of embroidered elements. We present some samples which illustrate these various aspects of the contribution of the pre-Colombian cultures of Peru to textiles.